Bandy, oder auch russisches Eishockey, wie es manchmal genannt wird, ist ein Freiluftsport. Gespielt wird auf einer Eisfläche mit kurzen. So gibt es beispielsweise Eckbälle und eine Abseitsregelung. tl_files/ssb-duisburg/sportkulturen/Oelringen/elkhornridgegolfestates.com Das Spielfeld ist 90 bis Meter lang. Many translated example sentences containing "bandy" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German popular team sport Bandy, a forerunner [.
Bandy- und ScheibenspielIn der russischen Bandy-Föderation unter Präsident Boris Skrynnik gebe es seit Jahren viele Skandale, schrieb "Sport-Ekspress". So gibt es beispielsweise Eckbälle und eine Abseitsregelung. tl_files/ssb-duisburg/sportkulturen/Oelringen/elkhornridgegolfestates.com Das Spielfeld ist 90 bis Meter lang. Many translated example sentences containing "bandy" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German popular team sport Bandy, a forerunner [.
For example, in the extremely cold World Championship, a few of the matches had to be played in four quarters of 15 minutes each along with extra-long breaks in between the quarters.
If the game ends in a draw, the time may be increased to further 15 minute periods for the match. If both the extra periods are over without any goals, then the referee has to organize a penalty shootout to finally end the game.
Although, in league competitions, if there is a draw, there is no increase in time and the game is set to tie with no winner.
If the match is going on and the ball is in the field, it is said to be ball in play. When the ball gets out of the field by one way or another, it is said to be ball out of play.
These are the two basic phases of the game. Suppose the time runs out when a free stroke or penalty has to be executed, the player can still strike the ball but it must go into the goal without any interference in one try, or else there are no more retries and the game has to come to an end.
Free strokes are awarded to a team in case the opposite team do any fault by not obeying the rule. Free-strokes can also be awarded if there is any incorrect execution of corner strikes, free-strikes, goal throws, and so on, or the use of incorrect equipment, like using a broken stick.
There may be such instance that if your team is doing in any offence and it is benefiting the other team, and then referee may continue the play as penalty, popularly known as playing an advantage.
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Those rules were applied at Davos Cup in Rink bandy has in turn led to the creation of the sport rinkball.
Bandy is also the predecessor of floorball , which was invented when people started playing with plastic bandy-shaped sticks and lightweight balls when running on the floors of indoor gym halls.
Based on the number of participating athletes, bandy is the world's second-most participated winter sport after ice hockey.
However, bandy's popularity compared to that of other winter sports across the globe is considered by the International Olympic Committee to represent a "gap between popularity and participation and global audiences.
The earliest origin of the sport is debated. English bandy developed as a winter sport in the Fens of East Anglia. Large expanses of ice would form on the flooded meadows or shallow washes in cold winters, and skating has been a tradition.
Members of the Bury Fen Bandy Club  published rules of the game in , and introduced it into other countries. The same year, the National Bandy Association was started in England.
The match later dubbed "the original bandy match", was actually held in at The Crystal Palace in London. However, at the time, the game was called "hockey on the ice",  probably as it was considered an ice variant of field hockey.
The first national bandy league was started in Sweden in In modern times, Russia has held a top position in the bandy area, both as a founding nation of the International Federation in and fielding the most successful team in the World Championships when counting the previous Soviet Union team and Russia together.
The highest altitude where bandy has been played is in the capital of the Tajik autonomous province of Gorno-Badakhshan , Khorugh.
As a precursor to ice hockey  bandy has influenced its development and history — mainly in European and former Soviet countries.
While modern ice hockey was created in Canada, a game more similar to bandy was played initially, after British soldiers introduced the game in the late 19th century.
At the same time as modern ice hockey rules were formalized in British North America present day Canada , bandy rules were formulated in Europe.
A cross between English and Russian bandy rules eventually developed, with the football-inspired English rules dominant, together with the Russian low border along most of the two sidelines, and this is the basis of the present sport since the s.
Before Canadians introduced ice hockey into Europe in the early 20th century, " hockey " was another name for bandy,  and still is in parts of Russia and Kazakhstan.
With football and bandy being dominant sports in parts of Europe, it was common for sports clubs to have bandy and football sections, with athletes playing both sports at different times of the year.
In Sweden, most football clubs which were active during the first half of the 20th century also played bandy.
Later, as the season for each sport increased in time, it was not as easy for the players to engage in both sports, so some clubs came to concentrate on one or the other.
Many old clubs still have both sports on their program. Both bandy and ice hockey were played in Europe during the 20th century, especially in Sweden, Finland, and Norway.
Athletes in Europe who had played bandy switched to ice hockey in the s to compete in the Olympics. The typical European style of ice hockey, with flowing, less physical play, represents a heritage of bandy.
The sport's English name comes from the verb "to bandy", from the Middle French bander "to strike back and forth" , and originally referred to a 17th-century Irish game similar to field hockey.
The curved stick was also called a "bandy". An old name for bandy is hockey on the ice ; in the first rule books from England at the turn of the Century , the sport is literally called "bandy or hockey on the ice".
The sport is known as bandy in many languages though there are a few notable exceptions. If the context makes it clear that bandy is the subject, it as well can be called just "hockey".
In Slovak "bandy hockey" bandyhokej is the name. In Estonian bandy is also called "ice ball" jääpall. In Scottish Gaelic the name is "ice shinty" camanachd-deighe.
Bandy is played on ice, using a single round ball. Two teams of 11 players each compete to get the ball into the other team's goal using sticks, thereby scoring a goal.
The game is designed to be played on a rectangle of ice the same size as a football field. Bandy also has other rules that are similar to football.
Each team has 11 players, one of whom is a goalkeeper. The offside rule is also employed. The team that has scored more goals at the end of the game is the winner.
If both teams have scored an equal number of goals, then, with some exceptions, the game is a draw. The primary rule is that the players other than the goalkeepers may not intentionally touch the ball with their heads, hands or arms during play.
Although players usually use their sticks to move the ball around, they may use any part of their bodies other than their heads, hands or arms and may use their skates in a limited manner.
Heading the ball results in a five-minute penalty. In typical game play, players attempt to propel the ball toward their opponents' goal through individual control of the ball, such as by dribbling , passing the ball to a teammate, and taking shots at the goal, which is guarded by the opposing goalkeeper.
Opposing players may try to regain control of the ball by intercepting a pass or through tackling the opponent who controls the ball. However, physical contact between opponents is limited.
Bandy is generally a free-flowing game, with play stopping only when the ball has left the field of play, or when play is stopped by the referee.
After a stoppage, play can recommence with a free stroke, a penalty shot or a corner stroke. If the ball has left the field along the sidelines, the referee must decide which team touched the ball last, and award a restart stroke to the opposing team, just like football's throw-in.
The rules do not specify any player positions other than goalkeeper,  but a number of player specialisations have evolved.
Broadly, these include three main categories: forwards, whose main task is to score goals; defenders, who specialise in preventing their opponents from scoring; and midfielders, who take the ball from the opposition and pass it to the forwards.
Players in these positions are referred to as outfield players, to discern them from the single goalkeeper. These positions are further differentiated by which side of the field the player spends most time in.
For example, there are central defenders, and left and right midfielders. The ten outfield players may be arranged in these positions in any combination for example, there may be three defenders, five midfielders, and two forwards , and the number of players in each position determines the style of the team's play; more forwards and fewer defenders would create a more aggressive and offensive-minded game, while the reverse would create a slower, more defensive style of play.
While players may spend most of the game in a specific position, there are few restrictions on player movement, and players can switch positions at any time.
The layout of the players on the pitch is called the team's formation , and defining the team's formation and tactics is usually the prerogative of the team's manager s.
There are eighteen rules in official play, designed to apply to all levels of bandy, although certain modifications for groups such as juniors, veterans or women are permitted.
The rules are often framed in broad terms, which allow flexibility in their application depending on the nature of the game.
Each team consists of a maximum of 11 players excluding substitutes , one of whom must be the goalkeeper. A team of fewer than eight players may not start a game.
Goalkeepers are the only players allowed to play the ball with their hands or arms, and they are only allowed to do so within the penalty area in front of their own goal.
Though there are a variety of positions in which the outfield non-goalkeeper players are strategically placed by a coach, these positions are not defined or required by the rules of the game.
The positions and formations of the players in bandy are virtually the same as the common association football positions and the same terms are used for the different positions of the players.
A team usually consists of defenders, midfielders and forwards. The defenders can play in the form of centre-backs, full-backs and sometimes wing-backs, midfielders playing in the centre, attacking or defensive, and forwards in the form of centre forward, second strikers and sometimes a winger.
Sometimes one player is also taking up the role of a libero. Any number of players may be replaced by substitutes during the course of the game.